Gambling Addiction Crime Against Business

        "I call it the exploitation factor," Prof. Lesieur said. "Pathological gamblers commit crimes," he added, but their offenses -- including embezzling and insurance fraud -- often are committed elsewhere and are not reflected in casino-town crime statistics.
        In a 1995 survey of 184 Gamblers Anonymous members in Illinois, Lesieur found that 56 percent admitted to some illegal act to obtain money to gamble. Fifty-eight percent admitted they wrote bad checks, while 44 percent said they stole or embezzled money from their employer.
The Kansas City Star 12/09/97

Chasing losses means that if a gambler has lost $5,000,
the person will continue to gamble to win the money back.

Addicted Gamblers Embezzle Money from Businesses,
Individuals, Charities, Kids and our Tax Dollars

Many other gambling-related cases are never reported to the police.
The Hartford Courant August 23, 2000

MO - A head cashier for the St. Louis County recorder of deeds stole about $863,000 from Investors Title Company Inc. by overcharging and pocketing the difference. Authorities allege that she took from $200 to $1,200 a day starting in 1995. The money was spent on gambling debts.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 12/1/01 & 12/2/01

Saddled with nearly $2 million in gambling debts and facing a growing number of lawsuits over unpaid bills, one of Charlotte's most celebrated custom-home builders has filed for personal bankruptcy. The owner of David Simonini Custom Homes, owes more than $15 million to at least 200 people and businesses, according to Chapter 7 documents filed last week in U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Charlotte. His creditors include credit-card companies, business associates, several banks, casinos and family members. His gambling debts range from $60,000 to $440,000 each to casinos such as the Mirage and the Bellagio in Las Vegas, the Trump Taj Mahal and Bally's in Atlantic City and Atlantis in the Bahamas.
The Business Journal of Charlotte 1/18/02

The 69-year-old former president and chief operating officer of Conbraco Industries who lost a fortune after years of struggling to control his gambling addiction, pleaded guilty to fraudulently obtaining loans that prosecutors say he used to help pay off more than $30 million in gambling debts.
3/20/01 Charolette Observer

The chairman of a Honolulu bank faces felony charges after authorities said he passed $8 million in insufficient checks to cover gambling debts at two Las Vegas casinos.
10/24/98 Las Vegas Review Journal AP

The Secret Service is investigating whether a prominent Louisville cancer doctor who went bankrupt after losing more than $8 million gambling last year committed fraud when he borrowed millions from local banks.
The Courier-Journal 11/8/99

BOSTON -- A Chelsea man was sentenced in federal court today in connection with a mail fraud scheme that resulted in a loss of over $5.2 million to his former employer. He spent the $5.2 million in pursuit of his gambling habit.
PRNewswire 4/14/99

A 66 year old grandmother from New York City was sentenced yesterday to 31 months in federal prison and ordered to pay back the nearly $4.9 million she embezzled from her former employer to feed her gambling habit in Atlantic City. 1/4/02

Burlbaugh’s letter revealed that his company had failed, that he had deceived his customers and his family and would never again see his wife and 7-year-old son. There is a credit card trail showing visits to a luxury casino and purchases of costly jewelry and gifts. He owes more than $3 million to investors and other clients.
Washington Post 8/31/98

A Plaquemines Parish real estate developer with a penchant for blackjack has been indicted for defrauding seven banks of nearly $2.8 million, much of which financed his gambling habit. He used forged and fake mortgage releases to secure bank loans and kept repledging the same property at different banks.
The Times-Picayune 4/23/99

Citibank sues Donald Trump and his Trump Taj Mahal Casino Resort, charging that the gambling house encouraged betting by a Citibank employee who later pleaded guilty to embezzling more than $2.5 million.
2/14/01 The Press of Atlantic City

In the fall of 1998, two Massachusetts men were sentenced to prison and home confinement for the theft of nearly $2 million by creating fictitious shipments of supplies from the company where Aldred worked .
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

Wealthy businessman blamed his heavy gambling habit for causing his tax problems: Ringwalt, who had a mistress, "managed. . .to destroy his marriage, his family, his relationship with his children, and his business. He destroyed everything, which is what sick gamblers do." He had used about $1.6 million belonging to his company. 1/18/02

GRAND RAPIDS A Comerica Bank manager with nearly 40 years on the job has pleaded guilty to embezzling $1.56 million, all lost at the slots. "I just got obsessed with gambling. Couldn't stay out of the casinos." GAZETTE NEWS SERVICE 11/6/01

BOSTON - A Maynard man was sentenced to more than two years in prison for stealing $1.4 million from his company to pay for gifts, trips to strip clubs and gambling.
The Associated Press 8/28/2000

Norwalk investment adviser Richard Scarso was sent to prison for stealing $1.4 million from 13 families.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

A banker suspected of stealing almost $1.3 million before disappearing earlier this year was arrested in Las Vegas after he was spotted playing poker in a casino. The 56 year old man was charged with bank fraud and embezzlement. A former executive at West Coast Guaranty Bank & Trust, he scammed the Florida bank over seven years through wire transfers with other banks and into bank accounts he set up in the names of his wife and a fictitious business, investigators said.
LAS VEGAS SUN 12/15/99

Waukesha - A 57-year-old grandmother convicted of embezzling a staggering $1.2 million from her employer and blowing most of it on casino slot machines apologized to her children before being sentenced Monday to three years in prison.
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel staff 11/12/01

WAUKESHA, Wis. (AP) -- A woman is accused of embezzling nearly $1.2 million from her employer to fuel her gambling at casino slot machines. Her gambling habit grew to as much as $4, 000 a day.
6/7/01 The Associated Press

A local attorney charged with embezzling money from clients for gambling might have stolen far beyond their original estimate of $1.1 million. More clients are coming forward with claims that he cheated them out of money.
04/05/01 The Detroit News.

A Rocky Hill man was sentenced to prison for embezzling $1 million from his employer by creating fictitious pension plan participants.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

A mom with an admitted gambling problem embezzled more than $1 million during her 18-year career as a paralegal with the U.S. attorney's office was sentenced to 30 months in prison Friday.
9/18/99 Las Vegas Review-Journal

A woman who embezzled more than $1 million during her 18-year career as a paralegal with the U.S. attorney's office was sentenced to 30 months in prison Friday. She admitted having a gambling problem.
9/18/99 Las Vegas Review-Journal

Former clinic administrator is now pleading guilty in U.S. District Court in Sioux Falls to federal charges of embezzling $670,000 from his employer to cover funds for a gambling addiction.
The Associated Press Watertown Public Opinion 6/10/00

Pacheco, a former vault manager at Bank One, quietly pilfered about $663,000 from his employer over a 10-year period to feed his gambling habit.
Times-Picayune 04/17/01

CA - A bookkeeper, suggested that she might surrender but "only if she failed to take her own life." But she did turn herself in Jan. 22 and now sits in jail, facing charges of embezzling nearly $100,000 from Temple Menorah in Redondo Beach. Throughout the time she discussed suicide or surrender , she continued to gamble all the money she had left, losing everything.
Los Angeles Times 2/3/20

KS - Former branch bank president embezzled $46,139 cash and money orders and has voluntarily placed himself in a treatment program for compulsive gambling and an alcohol problem.
The Topeka Capital-Journal 11/20/2001

A 45-year-old woman from South Boardman was convicted of embezzling at least $57,500 from her employer. She also was required to get mental health counseling and attend Gamblers Anonymous meetings.
The Associated Press 10/15/00

LA: A Caddo sheriff's deputy accused of stealing 2.2 pounds of cocaine worth up to $140,000 from the sheriff's office to help cover gambling debts has been arrested and fired.
05/18/01 The Times

Early this year, Lynne M. Frank, who handled bar receipts at The Bushnell, was charged with embezzling $91,000.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

LACEY, Wash. (AP) - A former Washington State Gambling Commission employee acknowledged stealing commission money and then gambling it away. The 36-year-old woman admitted stealing $70,000 from the commission.
Las Vegas SUN 1/6/01

IL - She embezzled $13,000 from a convenience store she managed. Her husband helped put the money back by using their savings. But Pam, a PTA mom, gambled again and embezzled again.
6/9/98 St. Louis Post-Dispatch

CA - THOUSAND OAKS - A veteran Westlake High School bookkeeper with a reported gambling problem has been arrested on suspicion of embezzling more than $150,000 from the Associated Student Body.
2/14/02 A Los Angeles Newspaper Group Newspaper

EMPORIA -- An accountant accused of stealing almost $115,000 from her employer was sentenced Friday to serve two years probation and complete treatment for gambling addiction.
04/30/00 The Topeka Capital-Journal

Last year, April Corlies was accused of embezzling more than $300,000 from the Cross Sound Ferry Co. in New London by manipulating records of ticket sales.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

A local labor-union president accused of embezzling more than $15,000 may have gambled some of the funds at casino slot machines before workers kicked him out of the union and the FBI put him in jail.
2/9/00 The Arizona Daily Star

A woman who claimed she had been kidnapped when construction workers found her bound and blindfolded in the trunk of a car in Slidell admitted Wednesday that she made it all up to cover a gambling loss. The Gulfport Police Chief said the woman, 35, admitted she made up the story to cover the loss of $200 of her boss's money at a Gulf Coast casino.
Times-Picayune 3/19/98

She went from club to club, cashing checks for $300 on a credit union account, then trying to win and cover the checks before they bounced. She pleaded guilty to writing 43 bad checks in a period of about three weeks last fall. She had been gambling heavily for months.
7/15/99 The Arizona Daily Star

LA - A video-poker addiction allegedly drove a Baton Rouge legal secretary to steal more than $50,000 from a Mississippi nursing home resident. Kinchen, who worked in a law firm, allegedly took the money over an 18-month period.
The Advocate 3/2/00

MILWAUKEE (AP) -- A judge sentenced a grandmother of 14 to four years in prison for embezzling nearly $275,000 to play slot machines. The woman, 64, stole the money from the Kettle Moraine Employees Credit Union.
10/28/00 The Associated Press

Joraski Pirtle, 34, a former Naperville resident, was sentenced in December 1996 to 18 months in prison and ordered to pay $70,000 in restitution for depositing a check from a law firm's client into his personal account. The former accountant also admitted to converting funds on 20 other occasions, resulting in the firm losing nearly $320,000. Pirtle had a gambling problem.

''A former St. Charles city councilwoman gambled away money she embezzled from her employer at three local casinos, according to court documents. She is accused of stealing more than $367,000 . . . .She withdrew cash from accounts and used it to gamble at the Station Casino and the Casino Queen . . . . ”
St. Louis Post Dispatch 10/17/97

Madison - A Grant County insurance adjuster who fraudulently issued himself claims checks totaling $132,111 to cover his gambling losses was sentenced to 15 months in prison and ordered to repay his former employer.
The Journal Sentinel 2/14/01

WI (AP) -- A 30-year bookkeeper was accused of embezzling nearly $40,000 from a labor organization, the South Central Federation of Labor’s bank accounts, to support her gambling and drinking habits.
5/23/01 The Associated Press

A video-poker addiction allegedly drove a Baton Rouge legal secretary to steal more than $50,000 from a Mississippi nursing home resident.
The Advocate 3/2/00

LAS CRUCES -- The former pastor of Immaculate Heart of Mary Cathedral has promised to pay restitution for church credit card charges and automatic teller machine withdrawals that he used for casino gambling.
11/18/98 Albuquerque Journal

NEW ALBANY, Ind. -- A church has lost $11,000 to gambling at the Glory of Rome riverboat casino. The Rev. Bryan K. Litton, 23, who leads the First Baptist Church of Jefferson Gardens, was charged this week with nine counts of forgery involving checks drawn on the church's bank account.
6/26/99 The Associated Press

A lifetime of gambling that ran out of control caught up with a Limerick man yesterday, when a judge sentenced him to prison for stealing nearly $250,000 from friends and employers to pay off his debts.
10/28/98 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc.

STATE COLLEGE -- Longtime Penn State University official John C. Marshall didn't spend 12 years swindling the university to get rich, he was swindling it to stay even. He was a closet gambling addict. And when Marshall, 60, found himself awash in gambling debts he couldn't pay, he simply tapped the university -- embezzling just what he needed, no more, no less.
2/16/01 Post-Gazette

PA -- Penn State University longtime employee was sent to jail for $367,000 he admits helping filch from the school. The 60 year old man, is a repentant gambling addict who plans to repay his whole take.
Post-Gazette 11/20/01

BELLAIRE -- A 45-year-old woman from South Boardman was convicted of embezzling at least $57,500 from her employer.
The Detroit News AP 11/01/00

MILFORD — Police arrested a manager, 25, at Milford AMF Lanes Monday for allegedly gambling away more than $60,000 in receipts from the popular bowling alley by taking the money to Mohegan Sun Casinos, police said.
New Haven Register 2/5/02

An employee of the Meraux Food Store has been arrested for stealing more than $20,000 since March to fuel his video poker gambling habit.
The Times-Picayune

A former Stifel Nicolaus securities broker, pleaded guilty of mail fraud for taking more than $400,000 from a retired teacher’s account. Similar allegations are in a pending civil suit that contends he gambled away much of Miller's $750,000. Miller was 87 when she died in 1999.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 2/16/02

Beginning with occasional trips to casinos, the hunger grew to a $500,000 habit that threatened his Oak Park printing business. The father shoots his pregnant wife, smothers his 3 kids after losing thousands in a Vegas casino.
The Detroit News 1/22/00

Abdelhaq is accused of suffocating her 7-week-old daughter, Tara, in 1995 to collect on a $200,000 insurance policy on the infant's life. Fifteen months earlier, Abdelhaq's 17-day-old daughter, Lena, also died of unexplained reasons. Abdelhaq had a gambling addiction at the time.
Chicago Tribune 2/10/99

Madison - A Grant County insurance adjuster who fraudulently issued himself claims checks totaling $132,111 to cover his gambling losses was sentenced in federal court to 15 months in prison and ordered to repay his former employer.
Journal Sentinel 2/14/01

De Soto, Ia. - Steve Raymie's biggest gamble is still ahead. Four months after the Winterset man allegedly robbed a bank to help offset huge casino losses, Raymie will try to convince a Dallas County jury that his gambling addiction caused the crime. 1/13/02

NJ - Man is being held in Pennsylvania on charges that range from bank robbery and attempted murder to stealing a sport utility vehicle he then used as a getaway car - has also been charged with robbing Caesars Atlantic City. "He concluded the note with, 'Whatever you do in life, keep away from those damn casinos. They were my downfall and I regret the day I ever stepped foot in one.' "
1/5/02 AP

N.Y. (AP) - When state police viewed the surveillance videotape of an elderly man accused of robbing a local bank, they knew where to look for the suspect - Turning Stone Casino. That is where they found John Ludwig, 72, last fall following a robbery at a Burger King in Oneonta, and that is where they picked him up Monday afternoon.
Las Vegas SUN 5/23/00

Terry Twist, 26, of Aurora, was sentenced to 28 months in prison for his involvement in theft from a TCF Bank branch in Naperville. He had a gambling problem and was in serious financial straits.

MO - Kivenas robbed seven St. Louis - area banks and was arrested at Stations Casino in St. Charles.
St. Louis Post - Dispatch 3/12/97

A few weeks ago, a Waterford man avoided prison in his home improvement scam by agreeing to partially repay victims, who lost more than $200,000.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

MO - A Kansas City woman murders her husband for life insurance money to cover her blackjack debt.
Kansas City Star 3/10/97

Man arrest in St. Charles told police he resorted to bank robbery when he failed to win enough money playing Blackjack.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 9/12/00

ROMULUS -- A 37-year-old woman who told authorities she gambled regularly at the MotorCity Casino faces charges she robbed two banks on her way to the gaming tables.
2/8/00 The Detroit News

Dubuque police agree with federal authorities in Iowa who say fraud cases investigated since 1996 link crime to gambling.
The Associated Press 11/18/97

KS - Gambling debts of more than $100,000 prompted a woman's botched bank robbery attempt that led to an eight-hour hostage situation on New Year's Eve.
St. Louis Post Dispatch AP 1/6/00

Merrill alleges that if it were not for that darned casino encouraging his compulsive gambling, he never would have robbed those two banks. He robbed a bank in Peotone, Illinois. A month later, he held up the First National Bank of Illinois in Mokena.
Gambling and the Law® Professor I. Nelson Rose, Whittier Law School, Costa Mesa, CA.

An Armstrong County woman received a minimal sentence of a few hours in jail yesterday after her attorney argued that her embezzlement of $158,500 from a bank was the result of her addiction to the lottery. She spent the embezzled money on the state lottery to feed her gambling addiction.
12/19/00 Post-Gazette

CA (AP) -- By the time former Placerville police officer was arrested for bank robbery last month, he had hit "rock bottom." Battling drug addiction and crushed under gambling debt, the 39-year-old already had lost his job. FBI agents say he may have robbed 10 banks in Northern California and Nevada.
3/8/00 The Sacramento Bee

Vida began a campaign to raise awareness and money for treatment of compulsive gambling after her brother robbed four banks to pay gambling debt.
10/19/98 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

In 1997, a 60-year-old Milwaukee woman left penniless from gambling held up stores to support her habit.
10/19/98 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

TAMPA -- The night Hillsborough State Attorney Harry Lee Coe walked into a darkened field carrying his gun and ended his life, he was already mired deep in gambling debt and facing an investigation. He dipped into his campaign accounts. But Coe still was $150,000 in debt, mostly to credit cards.
St. Petersburg Times 11/28/00

At Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge a student was accused recently of bilking the school out of about $3,000 in a scheme to support his gambling.
The Associated Press 04/17/98

ROOKLINE - Woman robs banks, convenience stores, and hotels to cover the $2,000 to $3,000 she lost each week gambling at Foxwoods Casino.
Boston Globe 1/4/02

She watched her brother go from a successful businessman to a miserable soul who fell victim to an unsavory mechanism for state revenue. "He sold his business and gambled everything away."
Argus Leader News 10/15/00

A 52 year old man pleaded guilty to a two-count indictment that charged him with using a color copier to produce 7,050 counterfeit, 32-cent postage stamps on gummed paper. He began distributing the counterfeit stamps in stamp machines owned and serviced through his business. The counterfeit stamps were used to raise money to pay gambling debts.
The Commercial Appeal 11/26/98

Chicago police officers shook down Polish immigrants to support their gambling habits and threatened their victims with deportation, sources said Thursday.
Daily Southtown Digital Chicago Pioneer Press Post-Tribune Star Newspapers 9/15/00

IL - Burgard 35, pleaded guilty. He targeted clients for hundreds of thousands of dollars in financial scams, gambled away the money on riverboats, and then abandoned his wife and three children. He was charged with theft in Madison Country for allegedly stealing $60,000 from an 80-year-old woman in Collinsville . . . . . . Other detectives said Thursday that they were investigating Burgard for similar scams they believe netted him $140,000 in Belleville, $90,000 in Mascoutah and $130,000 near Millstadt.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 10/17/97 & 7/7/98

Federal prosecutors said more than $120,000 in gambling losses prompted a decorated veteran Jackson police detective to solicit bribes in exchange for protecting drug dealers.
10/9/00 Clarion-Ledger

A former admissions director at a St. Charles nursing home pleaded guilty of stealing thousands of dollars from a resident after the resident died in 1998, and losing at least $25,000 of the money gambling. The son and police say that Wechling stole at least $200,000.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 5/2/01

Ark. -- Armstrong, 50, a lawyer, was accused of swindling residents of Lincoln, Cleveland and Bradley counties out of an estimated $6 million through phony timber contracts and trust transactions to pay off gambling debts.
The Associated Press 3/7/01

"Nettie" saved for 30 years for her dream home. Her life savings are gone, gambled away by the builder, who stole her money.
The Kansas City Star 01/14/99

Gambling Addiction Crime Embezzles Our Tax Dollars

HA: Prosecutors show that Michael Kahapea spent a lot of time and money in Las Vegas traveling to the gambling mecca nearly every month. Kahapea, a city property manager, and others are accused of defrauding the city of about $6 million in city relocation funds related to the Ewa Villages housing project.
Las Vegas SUN: 4/4/00

GRAND RAPIDS -- A state assistant attorney general told a jury Tuesday that former Grandville Police Chief embezzled more than $70,000 in city money to support a gambling habit.
4/13/00 The Associated Press The Detroit News

Two years ago former Sprague Tax Collector Mary L. Thomas repaid $105,000 she had stolen from her town and was sentenced to probation.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

After a six-month state police investigation and an exhaustive analysis of the town's finances, Ledyard's veteran tax collector was charged Thursday with pilfering more than $300,000 in taxpayer money, much of which she is suspected to have gambled at Foxwoods Resort Casino.
The Day Online 10/6/2000

Two weeks ago, Helen, a state Department of Social Services worker, was accused of embezzling almost $200,000 through fraudulent welfare payments.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

DARIEN, CT-- The towns chief financial officer has been charged with embezzling at least $10,000 in quarters from parking meter receipts and using the large amounts of change at Mohegan Casino. Las Vegas SUN THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 12/16/98

IL -- A former treasurer in the village of Brooklyn is denying she embezzled more than $20,000 while in office. The woman, 61, is charged with four counts of fraudulently obtaining more than $100,000. She has been accused of taking village money to gamble on the Casino Queen.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch AP 6/15/00

This week state police are working on an investigation expected to lead to
the arrest of a Ledyard's tax collector until she resigned in June after money was discovered missing. An audit completed recently put the figure at more than $300,000.
The Hartford Courant 8/23/00

MO - Christian County Treasurer stole $650,000 from the country’s building fund. He lost more than $65,000 at casinos in three months.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 12/29/96

Police Chief Moffatt, died Nov. 20 in an apparent suicide. The report says that in at least four instances he took a total of $15,600 from city accounts. He lost thousands gambling.
5/4/99 The Providence Journal

MINDEN, Nev. -- A former East Fork Justice Court clerk pleaded guilty to one count of unlawful use of public funds in the theft of more than $17,000 from the court for gambling.
Las Vegas SUN 2/1/99

IL - Former township secretary told a judge Monday that she had gambled away tens of thousands of dollars in stolen Canteen Township funds. "I'm a compulsive gambler. "She obtained the money by writing checks worth $102,000 to herself from township funds.

Battle Creek: A court clerk is indicted on charges of embezzling $347,700 to feed her casino gambling habit.
AP 2/27/98

IL - The former Woodford County sheriff, who disappeared amid an investigation of more than $50,000 in charges on credit cards issued to his department, admits he has a gambling problem.
AP 12/1/01

Youth and Charities

LA - An employee of Louisiana Boys State and American Legion is accused of writing $258,000 in checks to himself. He had a video poker problem.
The Advocate 1/12/02

An administrator in Park Ridge Recreation and Park District's Oakton Sports Complex has been charged with felony theft for allegedly stealing $17,000 cash paid to rent park facilities and spending it on riverboat gambling.
Chicago Tribune 1/17/02

And one Goodwill Industries accounting clerk, who couldn't resist the allure of casinos, embezzled money in 1997 from her employer, a local non-profit agency.
10/19/98 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

MO - The Circuit Attorney believes that the man charged with stealing $50,620 from the St. Louis Midnight Basketball program for teenagers - lost it gambling on boats.
St. Louis Post - Dispatch 5/30/98

MO - Burgess stole $100,000 from the Eagles Club. He acknowledged he had a gambling problem.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 9/10/96

IA - Former Easter Seals president gambled away money she stole from the charity for disabled people. She stole $231,000.
The Register 2/7/02

MO - The former chief financial officer for a group that serves disabled veterans was arrested Monday on charges that he stole $64,000 and blew it on a new BMW and gambling. St. Louis Circuit Attorney charged him with 21 felonies and two misdemeanors - nine counts of money laundering, six counts of felony theft and six counts of forgery and two counts of misdemeanor theft. Authorities allege that he spent up to $100,000 at Harrah's Player's Island in Maryland Heights and at the Casino Queen in East St. Louis.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch 10/29/2001

IN - A Fort Wayne man wrote more than 1,000 bad checks in several counties in Indiana, plus other states, to feed his gambling habit. He wrote fraudulent checks using fake identification cards and driver’s licenses. Some of these checks were written to a supermarket and deli.
Decatur Democrat 2/24/02